Legal Authorities or Sources of Law....
The words 'Legal authorities' or 'authorities' can be referred to either 1.) as public officials of the federal, state, or a local government, or 2.) in reference to sources of law such as the U.S. Constitution, U.S. case law, or a State constitution, state statute, a code, law dictionary, law encyclopedia, ect..
Authorities. Citations to statutes, precedents, judicial decisions, and text-books of the law, made on the argument of questions of law or the trial of causes before the court, in support of the legal positions contended for, or adduced to fortify the opinion of a court or of a text writer upon any question. Authorities may be either primary (e.g. statutes, court decisions, regulations), or secondary (e.g. Restatements, treatise). Black's Law Dictionary 5th Ed. p.121
Citations of Authorities. The reading, or production of, or reference to, legal authorities and precedents, (such as constitutions, statutes, reported cases, and elementary treatises,) in arguments in courts, or in legal text-books, to establish or fortify the propositions advanced. Black's Law Dictionary 4th Ed. p.309
Persuasive authority. Authority from another jurisdiction such as another state which is non-binding on the court, used by a party when there is no authority or little authority to look to for purposes of deciding a case.
Tyler v. Judges of the Court of Registration, 179 U.S. 405, (1900)
1st) name of parties, No. 2.) the numbers '179' is the volume # of the reporter, No. 3.) 'U.S.' is the official reporter, No. 4.) '405' is the page that it can be found, No. 5.) at the end in parentheses is the year the case was decided, not all cases will be read this way exactly, 'The BlueBook A Uniform System of Citation'(currently the 20th Ed.) is the most popular authority in case citation for most of the state and federal jurisdictions, other citation manuals:
ALWD Guide to Legal Citation
Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities (OSCOLA)
The Chicago Manual of Style (Only for state of Ill.)
Example of a citation to a judicial decision with a pinpoint citation from the Washington State Supreme Court:
Neeley v. Bock 184 Wash. 135, 143 (1935)
1st) name of parties, No. 2.) the numbers '184' is the volume # of the reporter, No. 3.) Wash. is an abbreviation for the Washington State official court reporter, No. 4.) '135' is the page number that the case starts on/where the case can be found, No. 5.) the next numbers is the pinpoint citation to the page where the judge or justice is quoted, page '143' is the pinpoint citation, No. 6.) in parentheses is the year the case was decided.
Examples of Secondary Sources of Law:
Law encyclopedia's such as American Jurisprudence, Corpus Juris Secundum, West's Law encyclopedia.
Law dictionaries are also a secondary source of law. One of the most popular in the legal arena is Black's Law Dictionary. There are many other American law dictionaries published such as Barron's,
Websters law dictionary, Bouvier's Law dictionary, Ballentine's law dictionary and many more.
16A Am. Jur.2d. Constitutional Law Section 569 pages 482-483 (1979)
"The right of a citizen to travel on the public highways and to transport his property thereon, either by horse drawn carriage or wagon or automobile, is not a mere privilege which a city may permit or prohibit at will, but a common Right which he has under his right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Slusher v. Safety Coach Transit Co., 229 Ky 731, 17 SW2d 1012, 66 ALR 1378; Teche Lines, Inc. v Danforth, 195 Miss 226, 12 So 2d 784; Thompson v Smith, 155 Va 367, 154 SE 579, 71 ALR 604. See 39 Am Jur 2d, HIGHWAYS, STREETS AND BRIDGES SEC. 192.
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